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NUTRITIONAL THERAPY


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About Nutritional Therapy
Nutrition and Health Nutrients and other food components influence the function of the body, protect against disease, restore health, and determine people’s response to changes in the environment. Under certain circumstances and in some individuals, diet can be a serious risk factor for a number of diseases. Common dietary chemicals can act on the human genome, either directly or indirectly, to alter gene expression or structure. The degree to which diet influences the balance between healthy and disease states may depend on an individual’s genetic makeup. Some diet-regulated genes (and their normal, common variants) are likely to play a role in the onset, incidence, progression, and/or severity of chronic diseases. Dietary intervention based on knowledge of nutritional requirement, nutritional status, and genotype (i.e., “personalised nutrition”) can be used to prevent, mitigate or cure chronic disease

1) Vorster HH
Introduction to Human Nutrition. 2nd Edition. Nutrition Society
2) Kaput J & RL (2004) Nutritional genomics: the next frontier in the postgenomic era. Physiological Genomics 16 1666-177

About Nutritional Therapy
 Nutritional Therapy is the application of nutrition science in the promotion of health, peak performance and individual care. Nutritional Therapists use a wide range of tools to assess and identify potential nutritional imbalances and understand how these may contribute to an individual’s symptoms and health concerns. This approach allows them to work with individuals to address nutritional balance and help support the body towards maintaining health. Nutritional Therapy is recognised as a complementary medicine and is relevant for individuals with chronic conditions, as well as those looking for support to enhance their health and wellbeing.
Practitioners consider each individual to be unique and recommend personalised nutrition and lifestyle programmes rather than a ‘one size fits all’ approach. Practitioners never recommend nutritional therapy as a replacement for medical advice and always refer any client with ‘red flag’ signs or symptoms to their medical professional. They will also frequently work alongside a medical professional and will communicate with other healthcare professionals involved in the client’s care to explain any nutritional therapy programme that has been provided.

Stress warning signs
Of course, different people deal with stress in different ways, but here is a list of mental and physical symptoms to help you understand if you're stressed.
The mental symptoms may involve you being
ANGRY , DEPRESSED, ANXIOUS, HUNGRY OR  NO APPETITE ,
CRYING OFTENPROBLEMS SLEEPING, POOR CONCENTRATION
The physical symptoms may involve:
Chest pains ,
Constipation, or diarrhoea
Cramps, or muscle aches
Feeling dizzy, or fainting
Engaging in nervous behaviour like biting your nails
Twitches, or experiencing pins and needles
Feeling restless
Having sexual problems, from erectile dysfunction to lowered sex drive
Feeling breathless
Can't sleep
Having just a few of these symptoms may indicate that you are stressed, and you should address the issue.
How stress works
When you are in a stressful situation, your body releases the hormones cortisol, adrenaline, and noradrenaline, and these go on to cause the physical symptoms of stress.
You may start sweating, and your blood pressure and heart rate may rise.
This, in turn, may undermine your immune system, making you more susceptible to illness, as well as lead your body to release fat and sugar into your blood stream, which may lead you to gain weight.
As stress raises your blood pressure, if you are stressed in the long term, you can develop high blood pressure, which in turn can increase your risk of having a heart attack or a stress advice on how to cope with stress
A simple coping strategy involves the word STRESS:
Share your worries, swallow your pride, and admit and talk to someone about your worries (It's good to talk). A problem shared is a problem halved!Take stock of your life. Are you living the life you really want to live? Remember, this is the only chance you've got! It's not a dress rehearsal! Do what you want to do. It's your life!Relax. Get a hobby. Haven't you always fancied doing this or that? Well, do it! A hobby can be totally absorbing and therefore rewarding and relaxing!Exercise. Basically, you should walk at least 30 minutes each day, that's 15 minutes out and 15 minutes back non-stop!Say no! Do not take on extra work. Tell them you won't do it. Think of you, your health and your family!Shop at a pet store! You'd be surprised at the amount of medical research which shows that having a cat, dog or pet in the family has reduced stress levels!
MEMORY
You're stressed out
Last year, more than 400,000 people in the UK said they were under so much stress at work, it was making them ill. Studies have shown that people under pressure who continuously have high levels of the stress hormone cortisol in their blood perform less well in memory tests. But it is now also thought that even severe short term stress can cause memory loss.
What to do about it
You won't know when your cortisol levels are up, but most of us know when we are stressed and under pressure, whether it's caused by work, family, relationships or money. Make time for yourself to do what helps you to relax - exercise, a relaxing bath, yoga, or doing some gardening.
Problems sleeping
Adults generally need at least six hours of sleep a night to function the next day. Lack of sleep and poor quality sleep are both associated with memory loss. Sleep is needed for effective memory storage and retrieval.
People with sleep apnoea, a disorder which causes them to stop breathing in their sleep ten times per hour, often suffer from memory loss and irritability the following day.
What to do about it
Sleep problems are usually caused by lifestyle, rather than a sleep disorder. Establish a sleep routine, and avoid food and drink (especially alcohol) which help keep you awake or interrupt your sleep pattern.
Sleep apnoea mostly occurs in men, people who are overweight and who snore heavily.
Lacking vitamins
Vitamin B12 is essential for the production of red blood cells and for a healthy nervous system. People who lack vitamin B12 become anaemic and can suffer memory difficulties.
Most people with vitamin B12 deficiency are unable to absorb the vitamin from foods. Although it's more common in people over the age of 50, it can occur at any age.
What to do about it
Anaemia symptoms include tiredness, shortness of breath and dizziness. Nervous system symptoms include tingling in the hands and feet, muscle weakness, memory loss and confusion.
The good news is that it can be treated by your GP who will prescribe vitamin B12 injections. Good sources of vitamin B12 are red and white meat, eggs, fish, milk and cheese. Vegans can take supplements.
Thyroid disorder
Memory difficultiescombined with general fatigue and sluggishness are often accepted as a normal part of aging. But they can also be a sign of an under active thyroid caused by low levels of hormones from the thyroid gland. Hypothyroidism can occur at any age, but is usually more common in older adults and in women.
What to do about it
Look out for other symptoms such as cold hands and feet, constipation, pale, dry skin and unexplained weight gain. If these sound familiar, see your GP. They can perform a blood test, and prescribe hormone tablets if necessary.
Common drugs
Certain prescription drugs and even those bought at your local pharmacy can affect your memory. This usually happens if you take too many or because they may be interacting with other drugs. As you age and your metabolism slows down, medicines tend to stay in the system for longer and this can also have an effect.
Anticholinergics are a class of drugs which block the activity of acetylcholine, a chemical messenger which carries signals between nerve cells. These types of drugs are often used to treat bladder problems, sleeplessness, nausea and allergies and are found in many over the counter medicines.
What to do about it
Draw up a list of any drugs you are taking, including any purchased from your pharmacy and take it to your GP. They can decide if any drug related memory problems are occurring and alter your medication if necessary.
Booze
It's already known that alcoholics and long term heavy drinkers can suffer from memory loss and even permanent brain damage. But recent studies also suggest that binge drinking can cause short term memory loss as well.
What to do about it
It's not rocket science is it? From a health point of view, binge drinking is definitely not recommended. Apart from memory loss, there is also the risk of alcohol poisoning and choking on your own vomit whilst asleep. Stick to the recommended limits